A disease that can be transmitted (or shared) between animals and humans is called a zoonosis (zoh-ah-NOH-sis) or referred to as being zoonotic (zoo-ah-NAH-tic).
The Center for Food Security and Public Health offers excellent resources on zoonoses (zoh-ah-NOH-seez) that affect livestock (http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Infection_Control/zoonotic-disease-information-for-producers.php). The Centers for Disease Control (http://www.cdc.gov) has excellent fact sheets on zoonoses (zoh-ah-NOH-seez). Search by disease.
Here is a list of some diseases transmissible between animals and humans:
Avian influenza (bird flu)
Bartonellosis (cat scratch disease)
Baylisascaris procyonis (raccoon roundworm)
Brucellosis (Bang’s disease or undulant fever)
Contagious ecthyma (orf or sore mouth)
Echinococcosis (hydatid disease)
*Ehrlichiosis (one of several tickborne diseases)
*Encephalitis (EEE, WEE, VEE)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli infection
Larva migrans (aberrant larval worm migration)
Listeriosis (circling disease in ruminants)
Mange (parasitic mites)
Psittacosis (parrot fever, ornithosis)
Salmonellosis (typhoid fever or typhoid and non-typhoid)
*Tularemia (rabbit fever, deer fly fever)
*Typhus (a rickettsial disease carried by fleas and lice)
*West Nile virus
*The diseases marked with an asterisk are transmitted through vectors, such as mosquitoes, fleas, or ticks.